Bleeding Gums Treatment
Gum disease is known as periodontal disease. it is a chronic bacterial infection around the tooth that affects the gums and bone. Bleeding gums; a symptom of gum disease.
Are you experiencing bleeding gums?
Gum bleeding is usually the first sign of gum diseases. You may find your gums bleeding during brushing, flossing or even eating hard food. Other clinical signs/symptoms of gum disease include:
- Red and swollen gums
- Bleeding during brushing, flossing and eating hard food
- Shaky teeth
- Persistent bad breath
It can occur on one particular tooth or many teeth. If left untreated, this can result in bleeding gums, bad breath, shaky teeth, and eventual tooth loss. There have been studies that link gum disease to an increased risk of heart disease, stroke, and osteoporosis. Pregnant women with gum disease have a higher risk of miscarriage and premature birth. If you experience any of these symptoms visit your dentist.
Gingivitis – Inflammation of the Gums
Plaque causes the gums to become red, swollen and bleed easily. There is usually no pain at this stage. It is caused by inadequate oral hygiene, and is reversible with professional treatment and following good oral hygiene practices at home. When gingivitis is left untreated, it can lead to periodontitis. Toxins produced by the bacteria in plaque irritate the gums. The toxins cause a chronic inflammatory response in which the body turns on itself, thus, destroying the tissues and bones that support the teeth.
Gums separate from the teeth, forming pockets (spaces between the teeth and gums). As the disease progresses, the pockets deepen, and more gum tissue and bone are destroyed. Eventually, teeth become shaky and have to be removed. Learn more about gingivitis here.
Periodontal disease is a chronic bacterial infection that affects the gums and bones around the teeth. It can affect one tooth or many teeth. It begins when the bacteria in plaque (sticky substance that constantly forms on your teeth) causes your gums to be inflamed.
Who is a Periodontist?
A periodontist is a dentist who specialises in the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of gum disease. They receive extensive education and training in these areas and are familiar with the latest techniques for diagnosing and treating gum disease. Periodontists often treat more problematic cases, such as those with severe gum disease or complex medical history. They offer a wide range of treatments, such as scaling, root planing and root surface debridement. Root planing is when the infected surface of the root is cleaned. On the other hand, root surface debridement refers to when damaged tissue is removed. The periodontist may also provide a range of surgical procedures which may be necessary for patients with severe gum problems.
Who Should See a Periodontist?
For some, a visit to a general dentist will suffice. However, as more and more patients are exhibiting signs of periodontal disease, coupled with research that suggests a relationship between periodontal disease and other chronic diseases of ageing, periodontal treatment may necessitate a greater understanding and increased level of expertise by a trained specialist. It is best for patients with more severe levels of periodontal disease or with more complex cases to be managed by a partnership between the dentist and periodontist.
Non-surgical Treatments for Gum Disease
Professional Dental Cleaning
During a regular dental check-up, your dentist removes plaque and tartar that build up and harden on the tooth surface. The process of professional dental cleaning helps to remove plaque and tartar from above and below the gum line of all your teeth.
Scaling and Root Planing
Done under a local anaesthetic, this non-surgical deep-cleaning procedure scraps away plaque and tartar from above and below the gum line. In order to help remove bacteria, rough spots on the tooth root are also smoothed. This provides a clean surface for the gums to reattach to the teeth.
Antibiotics may be prescribed either in combination with surgery and other therapies or alone. Antibiotics help in reducing or temporarily killing the bacteria that cause gum infections. They also prevent the destruction of the tooth’s attachment to the bone.
Benefits and Consequences
Periodontal therapy advantages
What are the consequences of gum disease?
Untreated gum diseases lead to tooth loss and halitosis (bad breath). It can also increase your risks for heart disease, blood clot, stroke, and osteoporosis. Bleeding gums can affect your immune system. Pregnant women with gum disease have a higher risk of miscarriage and premature birth.
How to take care of your gums after treatment
How can we prevent gum disease?
Proper daily toothbrushing twice a day and flossing at least once a day is important to prevent gum diseases.
Regular dental visits for professional cleaning once every 6 months is also necessary to remove tartar and to better clean those areas that you may have missed. This regular visit can help prevent gum & oral disease.
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